SMOKING–THE EVIL INSTINCT OF MAN
Smoking is one of the major causes of deaths worldwide. Smoking is of different forms, whether it is Cigar, Cigarette, Beedi or Hookah, the result is only one thing, i.e. death. Smoking involves inhaling and absorbing various poisonous chemicals inside the body. These chemicals are highly addictive making a person consuming it habitual. The common chemicals include: nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide.
Main chemicals in smoke
• Nicotine: It is the natural constituent of Tobacco products. Nicotine has mild Pharmacological properties and also mild stimulant similar to that of Caffeine. It has the depressant effect on the Central Nervous System (CNS). Nicotine present in tobacco is addictive as cocaine and has a risk of experiencing withdrawal symptoms. It can cause a wide variety of symptoms like alertness or relaxation changes in mood and behavior and also increases blood pressure.
• Carbon monoxide: This gas is formed by burning of organic substances. And while smoking tobacco burns and emits this gas which is highly poisonous and has very slow effect of heart disease risks.
• Tar: It is the particulate matter which is extracted in the lab in the form of tiny particles from the Cigarette smoke. This is highly organic content and one of the major causes for cancer in smokers. Many Cigarette brands in the world have the composition of tar and nicotine content in their packs.
Passive smoking and the health hazard
Tobacco smoke is dangerous to non-smokers. Exposure to smoke is called Passive smoking, increases the risk of same effect as a real smoker has. Smokers and those living with smokers, have a greater risk of having fatal heart diseases and peptic ulcers. On an average, people who smoke die 5 to 8 years earlier than non-smokers. Smokers and those involved with them have all cases of lung cancer.
Health hazards due to smoking
Smoking is the major cause for emphysema, a debilitating lung disease which slowly decreases the ability of man to breathe normally. Smoking is highly dangerous for people with heart disease, blood vessel disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and the family history of these diseases. Their risk of developing throat, mouth, esophageal, pancreatic, kidney, bladder and cervical cancer is greater than non-smokers.
Smokers have the very high risk of hip, wrist and fractures of spine. It complicates the sleeping disorders.
Smoking affects the pregnant women and their unborn children more. Smoking mothers have greater chances of miscarriage and stillbirth. Children born to them have very lower birth weights on average. Children of smokers usually become smokers themselves. Fortunately, if the smoker quits smoking many risks of life decreases.
Overall cigarette smoking is one of the most dreadful habitual of mankind and the worlds most complex mixtures are part of the smoke. Tobacco contains thousands of different constituents (approx. 25000 have been identified so far). The complexity of cigarette smoking lies among the difficulties researchers all over the world face, in finding the right constituent that cause health hazards. So it is individual’s responsibility to take care of his health and also the people with whom he involves. So Prevention is better than Cure. So Quit smoking or say no to smoking and make the environment smoke free.